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What to Know about Property Taxes before Buying a Home

Buying a home is an exciting and significant milestone in life. However, it is important to be aware of all the financial responsibilities that come with it, including property taxes. Property taxes are an essential part of homeownership and can have a significant impact on your overall expenses. In this article, we will explore what you need to know about property taxes before buying a home.

Understanding Property Taxes

Property taxes are taxes imposed by local governments on real estate properties. The amount of property taxes you pay is typically based on the assessed value of your property and is used to fund local services such as schools, roads, and public safety. It’s important to note that property taxes vary from one location to another, so it’s crucial to research the specific tax rates and rules in the area where you plan to buy a home.

Assessed Value vs. Market Value

When it comes to property taxes, it’s essential to understand the difference between assessed value and market value. The assessed value is the value assigned to your property by the local government for tax purposes. This value is usually lower than the market value, which is the price you could expect to sell your property for in the current real estate market. It’s important to keep in mind that property taxes are based on the assessed value, not the market value.

Factors Influencing Property Taxes

Several factors can influence the amount of property taxes you will have to pay. These factors include the assessed value of your property, the tax rate set by the local government, and any exemptions or deductions you may be eligible for. Additionally, local governments may reassess the value of your property periodically, which could result in an increase or decrease in your property taxes.

Researching Property Tax Rates

Before buying a home, it’s crucial to research the property tax rates in the area you are considering. Property tax rates can vary significantly from one location to another, even within the same state. Higher property tax rates can have a significant impact on your monthly mortgage payments and overall affordability. Therefore, it’s important to factor in property taxes when determining how much you can afford to spend on a home.

Exemptions and Deductions

In some cases, you may be eligible for exemptions or deductions that can lower your property tax bill. These exemptions and deductions can vary depending on your location and circumstances. Common examples include exemptions for senior citizens, veterans, or individuals with disabilities. It’s important to research the specific exemptions and deductions available in your area and determine if you are eligible for any of them.

Planning for Property Taxes

When budgeting for homeownership, it’s important to account for property taxes. Property taxes are typically collected on a semi-annual or annual basis, so it’s important to set aside funds throughout the year to cover these expenses. Additionally, property taxes can increase over time due to reassessments or changes in tax rates, so it’s important to consider these potential increases when planning your long-term budget.


Property taxes are an important consideration when buying a home. Understanding how property taxes are calculated, researching tax rates in your area, and considering exemptions and deductions can help you make an informed decision about homeownership. By planning for property taxes and factoring them into your budget, you can ensure that you are financially prepared for the responsibilities that come with owning a home. So, before you embark on your home-buying journey, take the time to educate yourself about property taxes and make an informed decision that aligns with your financial goals.